Ruins of Temple of Pan at Casearea
Photo Credit: Hannah Romero
Remnants of the Temple of Pan (the Greek god of desolate places) in Caesarea Philippi.
Caesarea Philippi (Ancient Greek Καισαρεία Φιλίππεια) or Caesarea Paneas (Καισαρεία Πανειάς) was an ancient Roman city located at the southwestern base of Mount Hermon, adjacent to a spring, grotto, and related shrines dedicated to the Greek god Pan, and called “Banias, Paneas”, or Baniyas (not to be confused with Baniyas in northwestern Syria). The surrounding region was known as the “Panion”.
Banias does not appear in the Old Testament. Philostorgius, Theodoret, Benjamin of Tudela, and Samuel ben Samson all incorrectly identified it with Laish (Tel Dan), while Eusebius of Caesarea accurately places Dan/laish in the vicinity of Paneas at the fourth mile on the route to Tyre
Location: Mediterranean Coast